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Vaccine. 1997 Jun;15(8):830-3.

Immunogenicity and efficacy of a tuberculosis DNA vaccine encoding the components of the secreted antigen 85 complex.

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Pasteur Institute of Brussels, Mycobacterial Immunology, Department Virology, Brussels, Belgium.


BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were injected intramuscularly with plasmid DNA encoding the three components of the immunodominant 30-32 kDa antigen 85 complex (Ag85A, Ag85B, and Ag85C) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture filtrate, in order to investigate the utility of nucleic acid vaccination for induction of immune responses against mycobacterial antigens. Ag85A and Ag85B encoding plasmids induced a robust Th1-like response towards native Ag85, characterized by elevated levels of interleukin (IL)-2, interferon-gamma, and TNF-alpha. Levels of IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 were low or undetectable. Plasmid encoding Ag85C was not effective. Cytotoxic T cell activity was also generated in in vitro restimulated splenocyte cultures from Ag85A and Ag85B DNA vaccinated mice. Finally, Ag85A and Ag85B DNA vaccination conferred significant protection against mycobacterial replication in lungs from B6 mice, subsequently challenged. Therefore, this technique may be useful for the definition of protective antigens of M. tuberculosis and the development of a more effective tuberculosis vaccine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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