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Vaccine. 1997 Jun;15(8):801-3.

Development of improved vectors for DNA-based immunization and other gene therapy applications.

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Vical Inc. San Diego, CA 92121, USA.


Optimizing gene expression and delivery are necessary steps in the production of vectors for DNA-based immunization as well as for other gene therapy applications. A mouse muscle/reporter gene assay system was used to systematically improve a plasmid DNA vector. The optimized vector VR1255 contained: (1) CMV promoter and enhancer; (2) CMV IE Intron A; (3) kanamycin resistance gene; (4) deleted SV40 origin of replication; (5) optimized lux coding region; and (6) a minimal synthetic terminator from the rabbit beta globin gene, mRBG. The vector VR1255 expressed 137 times greater than an earlier prototype RSV-based vector. For plasmid vector delivery into nonmuscle tissues, a recently synthesized cationic lipid, GAP-DLRIE, was found to greatly enhance the uptake and expression of plasmid DNA by 100-fold when instilled into the mouse lung. The time-course of CAT expression with GAP-DLRIE indicated that peak expression occurs 2-5 days after intranasal administration and expression diminished to about one-third the peak value by day 21. This cationic lipid may be useful for immunization by pulmonary and perhaps other nonmuscle routes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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