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Pathol Int. 1997 Jul;47(7):421-9.

Cyclin D1 overexpression in malignant lymphomas.

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1
Department of Pathology and Clinical Laboratories, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

Cyclin D1, the regulatory subunit of certain protein kinases thought to advance the G1 phase of the cell cycle, is now established as a proto-oncogene, with evidence indicating that its derangement may contribute to the uncontrolled cell growth characteristic of tumors. The chromosomal translocation t(11;14)(q13:q32), involving rearrangement of the BCL-1 locus, is closely associated with human lymphoid neoplasia affecting mantle cell lymphomas (MCL). Recently, the putative BCL-1 proto-oncogene turned out to be none other than the cyclin D1 gene. Although the observed break points in the BCL-1 locus are not tightly clustered, its rearrangement has been documented in 40-70% of cases of mantle cell lymphoma, whereas it only rarely occurs in other B cell lymphomas. Of note, all of the known break points leave the cyclin D1 coding region structurally intact and result in increased protein expression, implying that this may provide a highly sensitive and specific marker for MCL. Recent studies demonstrated that immunohistochemical detection in paraffin-embedded material, using a monoclonal antibody, is very useful for routine diagnosis. Current knowledge of cyclin D1 overexpression in malignant lymphomas, with emphasis on its clinicopathologic significance, is reviewed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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