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Chest. 1977 Dec;72(6):703-8.

Multidisciplinary treatment of chronic pulmonary insufficiency. 4. The influence of intrathoracic pressure variations on increases in pulmonary vascular pressure during exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Abstract

In the present era of direct monitoring of pressure in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an appreciation of all factors that may influence the observed pulmonary vascular pressures is essential. Our study examines the impact of respiratory variations in intrathoracic pressure on the recorded pulmonary vascular pressures in 28 patients with COPD. Althouth pulmonary hypertension was present in only nine subjects at rest, all had an abnormal increase in the mean pulmonary arterial pressure during supine exercise. In 15 subjects, this abnormal response was, in part, related to an increase in pulmonary arterial wedge pressure to 15 mm Hg or more. The increase in pulmonary arterial wedge pressure was directly related to the amplitude of the peak-to-peak respiratory variation of such wedge pressure. This variation correlated with the specific airway resistance but was not related to the arterial oxygen pressure or pulmonary vascular resistance. These findings indicate the important influence of exaggerated respiratory effort on the measurement of pulmonary arterial wedge pressure and mean pulmonary arterial pressure in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

PMID:
923304
DOI:
10.1378/chest.72.6.703
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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