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Parasite Immunol. 1996 Jun;18(6):307-16.

Heterologous expression of the cuticular-glutathione peroxidase of lymphatic filariae in an attenuated vaccine strain of Salmonella typhimurium abrogates H-2 restriction of specific antibody responses.

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Department of Biochemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK.


The major soluble cuticular glycoprotein of lymphatic filariae, gp29, has been expressed in the Salmonella typhimurium aroA aroD live vaccine strain BRD509. Two distinct constructs were generated: a) pgp29, in which gp29 was expressed directly via the inducible promoter nirB, or b) pTetC-gp29, in which it was expressed as a C-terminal fusion to the non-toxic immunogenic fragment C of tetanus toxin, again under the control of nirB. In both cases, plasmid stability in vivo was demonstrated by recovery of recombinant bacteria from livers and spleens of mice immunized via the intravenous route. Negligible gp29-specific antibodies were detected in animals immunized with bacteria expressing the fragment C fusion protein, but bacteria expressing the non-fused protein resulted in gp29-specific antibody production in a proportion of animals immunized. Notably, a number of BALB/c and B10.D2/n (i.e. mice of the H-2d haplotype) responded, in contrast to previously documented nonresponsiveness during infection, or immunization with parasite extracts. Presentation of gp29 by live attenuated S. typhimurium resulted in a broad spectrum of antigen-specific IgG isotypes.

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