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Eur J Clin Chem Clin Biochem. 1997 Jun;35(6):421-6.

Effect of serum amyloid A on cellular affinity of low density lipoprotein.

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Department of Clinical Pathology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan.


Serum amyloid A, an apolipoprotein of high density lipoproteins, is also present to a lesser degree in low density lipoproteins and is co-localized with apolipoprotein B in atherosclerotic lesions. This study examined the effect of serum amyloid A on cellular affinity of low density lipoprotein in vitro. 125I-labelled low density lipoprotein, when loaded with recombinant serum amyloid A1 (acute phase isotype) or recombinant serum amyloid A4 (constitutive isotype), had enhanced binding to both human skin fibroblasts and a murine macrophage cell line, J774, while its degradation was slightly increased in both cells. The binding of oxidized low density lipoprotein to J774 cells was also enhanced by addition of recombinant serum amyloid A1 or serum amyloid A4, and degradation of oxidized low density lipoprotein was moderately enhanced by recombinant serum amyloid A1. The effects of recombinant serum amyloid A on cellular binding of labelled low density lipoprotein were not competed by non-labelled low density lipoprotein and were diminished in the presence of high density lipoprotein. These findings suggest that serum amyloid A in low density lipoprotein may promote association of low density lipoprotein with cells by non-specific adsorption, and high density lipoprotein may prevent such interactions by removal of serum amyloid A.

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