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Gen Diagn Pathol. 1997 Jun;142(5-6):289-96.

Immunohistochemical expression of p53 and c-erbB-2 in breast carcinoma: relation with epidemiologic factors, histologic features and prognosis.

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European University of Madrid (CEES), Villaviciosa, Spain.


We have performed immunohistochemical staining for p53 and c-erbB-2 on formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary invasive ductal carcinomas from 112 patients, with a minimal follow-up time of 60 months. All of them had received postoperative chemoradiation therapy. We have analyzed the association of these factors with epidemiologic risk factors, histopathologic features and hormonal receptor status and the influence on prognosis. Our results indicate that the expression of c-erbB-2 protein defines a group of node-negative patients with poor prognosis. The overexpression of c-erbB-2 has shown a significant association with estrogen receptor status (those tumors expressing c-erbB-2 are usually estrogen receptor negative), presence of fibrosis and lymphoplasmacytoid infiltrates. P53 expression has shown no relation either with prognosis or with any other histopathologic or clinical feature. The only factors with prognostic influence in our series have been tumor size, the presence of node metastases, TNM stage and the prognostic morphometric index (Baak's index), apart from c-erbB-2 in node-negative patients. However, only the TNM stage showed an independent association with prognosis after a multivariate analysis. In summary, in our experience the expression of p53 protein has no prognostic influence on breast carcinoma, and TNM stage remains to be as the most powerful prognostic factor in these patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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