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Am J Physiol. 1997 Jun;272(6 Pt 1):L1084-91.

Extracellular ATP stimulates K+ secretion across cultured human airway epithelium.

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Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri-Columbia 65211, USA.


Extracellular ATP applied to the luminal side of human airway epithelium (HAE) activates an apical membrane Cl- conductance and transepithelial Cl- secretion. However, in some HAE preparations, we have found that luminal ATP induces a change in short-circuit current (Isc), consistent with K+ secretion. Using intracellular microelectrodes and radioisotopic flux studies, we investigated whether extracellular ATP regulates transepithelial K+ secretion in primary HAE cultures. In physiological Ringer solution, HAE had a negligible electrochemical driving force for Cl- secretion (DFCl), and luminal ATP induced a change in Isc opposite in polarity to Cl- secretion. Intracellular microelectrode measurements indicated that the "reversed" Isc was associated with activation of a hyperpolarizing (K+) conductance in the apical membrane. Radioisotope studies of HAE pretreated with amiloride to induce a favorable DFCl revealed that luminal ATP stimulates a small 42K secretory flux concurrently with Cl- secretion. In ion-substituted Ringer solution, luminal ATP stimulated both the outward (K+) current and the inward (Cl-) current with approximately equal potency (approximately 10(-6) M). We conclude that luminal ATP activates an apical membrane K+ conductance and transepithelial K+ secretion across HAE.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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