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Am J Physiol. 1997 Jun;272(6 Pt 1):C2063-8.

Contractile properties of diaphragm muscle segments from old mdx and old transgenic mdx mice.

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Institute of Gerontology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-2007, USA.


Diaphragm muscles of young (4- to 6-mo-old) mdx mice show severe fiber necrosis and have normalized forces and powers 60 and 46% of the values for control C57BL/10 mice. In contrast, microinjection of mdx mouse embryos with a truncated dystrophin minigene has produced young transgenic mdx (tg-mdx) mice with a level of dystrophin expression and structural and functional properties of diaphragm muscle strips measured in vitro not different from those of control mice. Whether dystrophin expression and functional corrections persist for the life span of these animals is not know. We tested the null hypothesis that, in old (24 mo) tg-mdx mice, dystrophin expression is adequate and diaphragm muscle strips have forces and powers not different from values for diaphragm muscle strips from young tg-mdx mice or control mice. Compared with control values, diaphragm muscle strips from old mdx mice had normalized forces and powers of 48 and 31%, respectively. Expression of dystrophin persisted in diaphragm muscles of old tg-mdx mice, and functional properties were not different from diaphragm muscles of young tg-mdx or young or old control mice. These results suggest that, with a transgenic animal approach, dystrophin expression and functional corrections persist for the life span of the animals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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