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Am J Physiol. 1997 Jun;272(6 Pt 1):C1947-59.

Regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation by plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase.

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Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.


We have previously shown that reductions in c-Myb-dependent transcription inhibit cell cycle progression and decrease intracellular Ca2+ concentrations in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). We now report that these effects are largely mediated by a 4- to 10-fold increased rate of La(3+)-sensitive 45Ca extrusion, which is associated with 2- to 4-fold increased levels of plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase 1 (PMCA1) mRNA and protein. PMCA4 mRNA, present at much lower concentrations, undergoes similar changes during suppression of c-Myb activity. We also report that PMCA1 expression is regulated during VSMC cell cycle progression, such that levels of PMCA1 are 40% lower at the G1/S interface than at G0. Moreover, transient overexpression of PMCA1a in VSMC elevates the 45Ca efflux rate by approximately 2-fold, decreases resting and peak thapsigargin-releasable Ca2+ concentrations at G1/S by 43% (68 nM) and 52% (160 nM), respectively, and reduces the rate of cell proliferation by over 2.5-fold. These data define a mechanism for c-Myb-dependent Ca2+ homeostasis and support a critical role for PMCA in the regulation of VSMC growth.

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