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Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997 Jul;47(3):622-6.

Thermococcus hydrothermalis sp. nov., a new hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent.

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Département Environnement Profond, IFREMER, Centre de Brest, Plouzané, France.


An extremely thermophilic archaeon, strain AL662T, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent located on the East Pacific Rise at a latitude of 21 degrees N. This strain is a strictly anaerobic coccus, and its cells range from 0.8 to 2 microns in diameter. The optimum temperature, pH, and Sea Salt concentration for growth are 85 degrees C, 6, and 20 to 40 g/liter, respectively. Strain AL662T grows preferentially on proteolysis products, on a mixture of 20 amino acids, and on maltose in the presence of elemental sulfur. The membrane lipids consist of di- and tetraether glycerol lipids. The DNA G+C content is 58 mol%. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene showed that strain AL662T belongs to the genus Thermococcus. On the basis of hybridization results, we propose that this strain should be placed in a new species, Thermococcus hydrothermalis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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