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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1997;40(4):277-84.

Biodistribution of an antibody-enzyme conjugate for antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy in nude mice bearing a human colon adenocarcinoma xenograft.

Author information

1
CRC Centre for Cancer Therapeutics, Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, Surrey, UK.

Abstract

The enzyme carboxypeptidase G2 (CPG2) can be targeted to tumors by antibodies and used to activate prodrugs in a treatment called antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT). Different doses of CPG2 conjugated to the anti-CEA antibody A5B7 were administered i.v. to nude mice bearing the LS174T human colon adenocarcinoma xenograft, and the biodistribution of conjugate activity 48 and 72 h later was determined using a novel high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. Conjugate doses of 2,500 and 625 U/kg gave tumor enzyme levels of 0.5-0.6 U/g. Lower doses of 300 and 150 U/kg gave tumor enzyme levels of 0.1-0.3 U/g. Intriguingly, the best tumor:blood ratio of conjugate activity at both 48 and 72 h was achieved after administration of the 625-U/kg dose, not the 2,500-U/kg dose. After 48 h this ratio was 3.8, whereas after 72 h the value was 5.5. This conjugate dose also gave the greatest tumor:tissue ratios in all other tissues examined. After 72 h the tumor:colon ratio was 105, whereas the tumor:kidney ratio was 36. In ADEPT, to obtain maximal tumor damage to LS174T xenografts in nude mice with minimal systemic toxicity using the A5B7-CPG2 conjugate, prodrug should therefore be administered at least 72 h after a conjugate dose of 625 U/kg.

PMID:
9225945
DOI:
10.1007/s002800050659
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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