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Surgery. 1997 Jul;122(1):45-52.

Protective effect of monoclonal antibodies to adhesion molecules on rat liver ischemia-reperfusion injury.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Japan.



The source of reactive oxygen species in the liver remains to be elucidated. The present study was undertaken to determine whether polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) can contribute to hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, and pretreatment with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), lymphocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), and CD 18 could improve energy metabolism and prolong the viability of the organ.


Male Wistar rats were used. Rat liver ischemia was induced by clamping blood vessels supplying median and left lateral hepatic lobes. Monoclonal antibodies to ICAM-1, LFA-1, or CD18 were injected intravenously 5 minutes before inducing ischemia. To determine the effect of mAbs on the survival rate, total hepatic ischemia was induced by clamping the hepatic artery, portal vein, and bile duct after making a portafemoral shunt.


Although ischemia of the liver for 90 minutes did not permit survival of the animals, pretreatment with mAbs to ICAM-1 plus LFA-1 increased the survival rate to 57%. Pretreatment with mAb to ICAM-1 failed to increase the survival rate. The number of PMNs in the liver increased continually up to 24 hours after reperfusion after 90 minutes of ischemia, and the expression of ICAM-1 was enhanced 4 hours after reperfusion. This is accompanied by a low recovery of hepatic adenosine triphosphate and, on the contrary, a marked increase in lipid-peroxide in the reperfused liver. Pretreatment with mAbs suppressed the infiltration of PMNs and the elevation of lipid peroxide and enhanced the recovery of hepatic adenosine triphosphate 6, 12, or 24 hours after reperfusion. Pretreatment with mAbs also prevented the rise in serum alanine aminotransferase level after reperfusion.


These results suggest that PMNs contribute to ischemia-reperfusion injury in the liver 4 hours and more after reperfusion, and pretreatment with mAbs to adhesion molecules is useful for the prevention of ischemic liver cell injury.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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