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Am J Public Health. 1997 Jun;87(6):945-50.

Maternal employment and breast-feeding: findings from the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey.

Author information

1
Family Health International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This analysis uses nationally representative data from the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey to explore the factors, including employment, associated with breast-feeding initiation and duration.

METHODS:

Multiple logistic regression was used to model the determinants of breast-feeding initiation among 9087 US women. Multiple linear regression was used to model the duration of breast-feeding among women who breast-fed.

RESULTS:

Fifty-three percent of mothers initiated breast-feeding in 1988, and the decision to breast-feed was not associated with maternal employment. However, among breast-feeders, returning to work within a year of delivery was associated with a shorter duration of breast-feeding when other factors were controlled. Among employed mothers, the duration of maternity leave was positively associated with the duration of breast-feeding.

CONCLUSIONS:

The low rates of breast-feeding initiation in the United States are not attributable to maternal participation in the labor force. However, returning to work is associated with earlier weaning among women who breast-feed.

PMID:
9224174
PMCID:
PMC1380928
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.87.6.945
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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