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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1997 Jun;18(2):105-12.

Augmented inhibition of growth of Candida albicans by neutrophils in the presence of lactoferrin.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan.


The combined inhibitory effects of neutrophils and lactoferrins on the growth of Candida albicans were examined. Murine or human neutrophils partially inhibited growth of C. albicans when cultured with C. albicans in vitro. The growth inhibition was augmented by a combination of neutrophils and more than 30 microg/ml of bovine lactoferrin or 1 microg/ml of human lactoferrin, concentrations less than 1/10-1/200 their inhibiting concentrations when used alone. The inhibition of C. albicans was also enhanced by combination of neutrophils and bovine apolactoferrin or iron-bound holo-lactoferrin, but not by transferrin. Combination effects of neutrophils and lactoferrin were also observed in a condition where there was no contact between neutrophils and Candida cells. These results suggest that neutrophils inhibit the growth of C. albicans regardless of whether there is direct contact between them and Candida cells: neutrophil growth inhibition effects were augmented in the presence of a physiological concentration of lactoferrin, perhaps through some action of lactoferrin other than chelation of ferric ion.

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