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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Jul 9;236(1):218-22.

A close association of GM3 with c-Src and Rho in GM3-enriched microdomains at the B16 melanoma cell surface membrane: a preliminary note.

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Department of Pathobiology, University of Washington and Pacific Northwest Research Foundation, Seattle 98122, USA.


B16 melanoma is characterized by high content of GM3 ganglioside, which has been recognized as a melanoma-associated antigen defined by specific monoclonal antibodies. We report now that GM3 is present predominantly (>90%) in the 1% Triton X-100-insoluble, low-density microvesicular fraction ("detergent-insoluble glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomain"; DIGEM) separated on sucrose density-gradient centrifugation. Associated with DIGEM, many signal transducer molecules such as c-Src, FAK, and the low-molecular-weight G-proteins Rho A and H-Ras were also found. Rho A and FAK were found in part, and PLC-beta2 and G alphas were found exclusively, in the high-density fraction. Immunoprecipitation of GM3 present in DIGEM by anti-GM3 antibody DH2, followed by Western blotting, revealed co-precipitation of Rho A and c-Src with GM3. These findings suggest (i) a specific organization of GM3 in close association with Rho A and c-Src within DIGEM at the melanoma cell surface; and (ii) such organizational units may be directly involved in signal transduction, in which glycosphingolipids receive signals which are subsequently transduced by associated transducer molecules.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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