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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Jul 9;236(1):79-82.

Activation of the p21(Waf1/Cip1) promoter by the ets oncogene family transcription factor E1AF.

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Second Department of Oral Surgery, Hokkaido University School of Dentistry, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Japan.


p21(Waf1/Cip1) is one of the key regulatory proteins in cell cycle, terminal differentiation, and apoptosis. Its promoter was shown to be transactivated by the wild-type p53 protein as well as in a p53-independent manner. In this report, we demonstrate that E1AF, an ets-related transcription factor, activates the human p21(Waf1/Cip1) promoter by interacting with the ets-binding sites located close to the two previously identified p53-responsive elements. Northern blot analysis revealed that p21(Waf1/Cip1) and E1AF were correlatively upregulated in response to cisplatin treatment in SiHa cells. Transient expression assays demonstrated that E1AF can activate the p21(Waf1/Cip1) promoter-driven luciferase reporter gene in SiHa cells. The p21(Waf1/Cip1) promoter activity was also increased in p53-null Saos2 osteosarcoma cells, but was markedly reduced when the ets-binding sites were deleted. These results indicate that E1AF positively regulates transcription from the p21(Waf1/Cip1) promoter in response to genotoxic stresses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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