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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Jul 22;94(15):8010-5.

Cloning and characterization of hOGG1, a human homolog of the OGG1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Laboratoire de Radiobiologie du DNA, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, Département de Radiobiologie et Radiopathologie, UMR217 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 92265 Fontenay aux Roses, France.


The OGG1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a DNA glycosylase activity that is a functional analog of the Fpg protein from Escherichia coli and excises 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) from damaged DNA. The repair of this ubiquitous kind of oxidative damage is essential to prevent mutations both in bacteria and in yeast. A human cDNA clone carrying an ORF displaying homology to the yeast protein was identified. The predicted protein has 345 amino acids and a molecular mass of 39 kDa. This protein shares a 38% sequence identity with the yeast Ogg1 protein, adding this novel human gene product to the growing family of enzymes that the repair of oxidatively damaged bases and are related to the E. coli endonuclease III. Northern blot analysis indicates that this gene, localized to chromosome 3p25, is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues. The cloned coding sequence was expressed in an E. coli strain that carried a disrupted fpg gene, the bacterial functional analog of OGG1. Cell-free extracts from these cultures displayed a specific lyase activity on duplex DNA that carried an 8-oxoG/C base pair. The products of the reaction are consistent with an enzymatic activity like the one displayed by the yeast Ogg1. Analysis of the substrate specificity reveals a very strong preference for DNA fragments harboring 8-oxoG/C base pairs. The pattern of specificity correlates well with the one found for the yeast enzyme. Moreover, when the human coding sequence was expressed in a yeast strain mutant in OGG1 it was able to complement the spontaneous mutator phenotype. These results make this novel gene (hOGG1) a strong candidate for the human homolog of the yeast OGG1 and suggest an important role of its product in the protection of the genome from the mutagenic effects of the oxidatively damaged purines.

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