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Br J Pharmacol. 1997 Jul;121(5):853-60.

Inhibition of 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced phosphoinositide hydrolysis and Ca2+ mobilization in canine cultured tracheal smooth muscle cells by phorbol ester.

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Department of Pharmacology, Chang Gung College of Medicine and Technology, Kwei-San, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan.


1. Regulation of the increase in inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) production and intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i by protein kinase C (PKC) was investigated in canine cultured tracheal smooth muscle cells (TSMCs). Stimulation of TSMCs by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) caused an initial transient [Ca2+]i peak followed by a sustained elevation of [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner. 2. Pretreatment of TSMCs with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, 1 microM) for 30 min blocked the 5-HT-induced IP3 formation and Ca2+ mobilization. This inhibition was reduced after the cells had been incubated with PMA for 8 h, and within 48 h the 5-HT-induced Ca2+ mobilization reached the same extent as control cells. 3. The concentration of PMA that gave half-maximal inhibition of 5-HT-induced increase in [Ca2+]i was 4 nM. Pretreatment of TSMCs with staurosporine (1 microM) of GF109203X (0.1 microM), PKC inhibitors, inhibited the ability of PMA to attenuate 5-HT-induced responses, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of PMA was mediated through the activation of PKC. 4. In parallel with the effect of PMA on 5-HT-induced IP3 formation and Ca2+ mobilization, the translocation and down-regulation of PKC isozymes were determined by Western blot analysis in TSMCs. Analysis of cell extracts by Western blotting with antibodies against different PKC isozymes revealed that TSMCs expressed PKC-alpha, beta I, beta II, delta, epsilon, theta and zeta. With PMA treatment of the cells for various times, translocation of PKC-alpha, beta I, beta II, delta, epsilon, and theta from the cytosol to the membrane was seen after 5 min, 30 min, 2 h, and 4 h treatment. However, 24 h treatment caused a partial down-regulation of these PKC isozymes PKC-zeta was not significantly translocated and down-regulated at any of the times tested. 5. In conclusion, these results suggest that activation of PKC may inhibit the receptor-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis and consequently attenuate the [Ca2+]i increase or inhibit both responses independently. The translocation of PKC-alpha, beta I, beta II, delta, epsilon, and theta induced by PMA caused an attenuation of 5-HT-stimulated IP3 accumulation and Ca2+ mobilization in TSMCs.

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