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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1997 Jun;39(6):797-802.

Concentrations of trovafloxacin in bronchial mucosa, epithelial lining fluid, alveolar macrophages and serum after administration of single or multiple oral doses to patients undergoing fibre-optic bronchoscopy.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Thoracic Medicine, City Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK.


Concentrations of trovafloxacin were measured in serum, alveolar macrophages, epithelial lining fluid and bronchial mucosa following single and multiple oral doses. Concentrations were determined using a microbiological assay method. There were 18 subjects in the single dose and nine subjects in the multiple dose groups. After single dosing, mean concentrations in serum, alveolar macrophages, epithelial lining fluid and bronchial mucosa at 6, 12 and 24 h were as follows: 6 h, 1.41 mg/L, 19.06 mg/L, 3.01 mg/L and 1.52 mg/kg; 12 h, 0.85 mg/L, 16.22 mg/L, 4.8 mg/L and 1.01 mg/kg; 24 h, 0.37 mg/L, 10.23 mg/L, 0.93 mg/L, and no measurable concentration, respectively. After multiple dosing (approximately 6 h post-dose) the corresponding concentrations were 1.47 mg/L, 34.3 mg/L, 10.21 mg/L and 1.67 mg/kg, respectively. These concentrations exceed the MIC90s for the common respiratory pathogens, Haemophilus influenzae 0.06 mg/L, Moraxella catarrhalis 0.008 mg/L and Streptococcus pneumoniae 0.12 mg/L and suggest that trovafloxacin should be efficacious in the treatment of community- and hospital-acquired respiratory infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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