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Proc Assoc Am Physicians. 1997 Jul;109(4):362-71.

In vivo evidence of the critical role of cadherin-5 in murine vascular integrity.

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Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Japan.


Vascular endothelial cell-cell adhesion is crucial for the regulation of vascular functions and is associated with many circulatory disorders. We isolated a rat monoclonal antibody (VECD1) recognizing the mouse vascular endothelial cell adhesion molecule and found that it inhibited vascular endothelial cell-cell association. We sequenced a full-length cDNA of the antigen that was identical to mouse cadherin-5. L-cells transfected with its cDNA acquired cell-cell adhesiveness, and these transfectants reacted with VECD1 at cell-cell contact areas. We studied the role of mouse cadherin-5 in vascular functions. The addition of VECD1 antibody to a cultured vascular endothelial cell line (F-2) caused the detachment of each cell. Although normal F-2 cells formed tubular structures on Matrigel, VECD1 disturbed the tubulogenesis. VECD1 also increased the permeability through the F-2 cell layer. To clarify the in vivo function of mouse cadherin-5, we intraperitoneally injected the hybridomas producing VECD1 into adult mice. Severe venous stasis and subcutaneous hemorrhage were induced within several days after the injection, resulting in the early death of the animals. These findings are evidence of an essential role of cadherin-5 in the regulation of vascular endothelial cell-cell adhesion in vivo.

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