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Neurosci Res. 1997 Jun;28(2):111-8.

Induction of major histocompatibility class II antigen on microglial cells in postnatal and adult rats following intraperitoneal injections of lipopolysaccharide.

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Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.


Microglial cells, notably the ramified form, were induced to express major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigen in postnatal and adult rats given intraperitoneal injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The immunoreactive microglia which occurred in cell colonies or clusters were detected immunohistochemically with the monoclonal antibody OX-6. Some of the widely distributed MHC II positive cells were round or amoeboidic located preferentially in the perivascular area. In view of the widespread occurrence of microglial cells showing OX-6 immunoreactivity which is negligible in normal animals, it is suggested that the effect of LPS on microglia in vivo is a widespread phenomenon and is independent of age. It is suggested that the endotoxin not only triggers off the immunological potentiality of these cells but also elicits the entry of some mononuclear cells into the brain parenchyma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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