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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1997 Jun;29(6):1605-13.

Developmental regulation of the alpha-glycerophosphate shuttle in porcine myocardium.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.


The alpha-glycerophosphate (alpha-GP) shuttle has been shown to play a role in reducing equivalent transfer in neonatal cardiac mitochondria. In adult heart mitochondria, alpha-GP shuttle activity is not detectable. The goals of the current study were to define the time course of the age-dependent decline in alpha-GP shuttle capacity and to identify the enzymatic step(s) of the alpha-GP shuttle which are regulated during development. Intact mitochondria were isolated from porcine hearts of various ages and assayed for alpha-GP shuttle capacity. By 5 weeks of age, alpha-GP shuttle capacity had decreased by nearly 39%. The cytosolic step of the shuttle, catalysed by cytosolic alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (c alpha-GPDH), demonstrated a significant increase between 0-2-day-old animals and adults. Partial cDNA clones of porcine c alpha-GPDH and mitochondrial alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (m alpha-GPDH) were prepared and used to quantitate expression of these genes. Using mRNA isolated from neonatal and adult porcine myocardium, expression of the c alpha-GPDH was unchanged, while expression of the m alpha-GPDH gene was present in neonatal but absent in adult myocardium. These results demonstrate a rapid postnatal decline in myocardial alpha-GP shuttle capacity which appears to be regulated by a decline in m alpha-GPDH gene expression.

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