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Int J Cancer. 1997 Jul 17;72(2):277-82.

Mutation analysis and loss of heterozygosity of PEDF in central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumors.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Deletion of 17p is the most frequent abnormality observed in central nervous system (CNS) primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs), implicating the presence of a tumor suppressor gene which maps to 17p. The gene for pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has been cloned and mapped to 17p13. PEDF belongs to the serine protease inhibitor (SERPIN) gene family. The PEDF protein has neurotrophic and neuronal-survival activities and is expressed in the CNS. Twenty tumor and matched normal DNA samples from patients with PNETs were screened by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis to determine loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and to identify potential mutations within the 8 exons of the PEDF gene. Ten of the 20 tumors demonstrated LOH, consistent with the deletion status of 17p determined by cytogenetic or fluorescence in situ hybridization studies. SSCP analysis of the genomic DNA from the 10 cases with LOH demonstrated several polymorphisms in exons 4 and 7, but no mutations. Our results are consistent with a loss of alleles on 17p in 50% of CNS PNETs, but do not suggest that PEDF is a candidate for the PNET suppressor gene in 17p13.

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