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N Engl J Med. 1997 Jul 17;337(3):154-60.

Pregnancy loss in the antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome--a possible thrombogenic mechanism.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Erratum in

  • N Engl J Med 1997 Oct 30;337(18):1327.



The mechanisms of vascular thrombosis and pregnancy loss in the antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome are unknown. Levels of annexin V, a phospholipid-binding protein with potent anticoagulant activity, are markedly reduced on placental villi from women with this syndrome. Hypercoagulability in such women may therefore be due to the reduction of surface-bound annexin V by antiphospholipid antibodies. To test this idea, we studied how antiphospholipid antibodies affect levels of annexin V on cultured trophoblasts and human umbilical-vein endothelial cells and how they affect the procoagulant activity of these cells.


We isolated IgG fractions from three patients with the antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome and from normal controls. These antibodies were incubated with cultured BeWo cells (a placental-trophoblast cell line), primary cultured trophoblasts, and human umbilical-vein endothelial cells. Annexin V on the cell surfaces was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The coagulation times of plasma overlaid on the cells were also determined.


Trophoblasts and endothelial cells exposed to antiphospholipid-antibody IgG as compared with control IgG had reduced levels of annexin V (trophoblasts, 0.37 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.85 +/- 0.12 ng per well, P=0.02; endothelial cells, 1.6 +/- 0.04 vs. 2.1 +/- 0.05 ng per well, P=0.001). Also, trophoblasts and endothelial cells exposed to antiphospholipid-antibody IgG had faster mean (+/- SE) plasma coagulation times than cells exposed to control IgG (trophoblasts, 8.7 +/- 2.0 vs. 21.3 +/- 2.9 minutes, P=0.02; endothelial cells, 9.8 +/- 0.8 vs. 14.2 +/- 1.2 minutes, P=0.04).


Antiphospholipid antibodies reduce the levels of annexin V and accelerate the coagulation of plasma on cultured trophoblasts and endothelial cells. The reduction of annexin V levels on vascular cells may be an important mechanism of thrombosis and pregnancy loss in the antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome.

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