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J Biol Chem. 1997 Jul 18;272(29):18200-8.

Syk is required for BCR-mediated activation of p90Rsk, but not p70S6k, via a mitogen-activated protein kinase-independent pathway in B cells.

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Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


The tyrosine kinases Syk and Lyn are activated in B lymphocytes following antibody induced cross-linking of the B cell receptor for antigen (BCR). It has been suggested that activation of Syk is dependent on Lyn. We tested this hypothesis by comparing the phosphorylation and activation of several downstream effector molecules in parental DT40, DT40Syk- and DT40Lyn- B cells. The phosphorylation and activation of p90Rsk was ablated in Syk-deficient B cells but unaffected in Lyn-deficient B cells while the phosphorylation/activation of Ras GTPase activating protein (Ras GAP) and mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase required both Syk and Lyn. Thus, these data indicate that Syk can be activated in the absence of Lyn after BCR cross-linking and results in the activation of p90Rsk via a MAP kinase-independent pathway in DT40Lyn- cells. We also demonstrated that BCR mediates the activation of p70S6k. However, activation of p70S6k in DT40Syk- and DT40Lyn- cells was comparable with that observed in parental cells. Thus, either Syk or Lyn may be sufficient for activation of p70S6k, or activation of p70S6k occurs independently of both Syk and Lyn. The kinase activity of Syk was required for the phosphorylation/activation of each of these downstream effector molecules but only the phosphorylation of Ras GAP was affected in cells expressing a mutant of Syk in which tyrosines 525 and 526 were substituted to phenlyalanines.

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