Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Med Genet. 1997 Aug 8;71(2):215-8.

Frequency of associated anomalies in congenital hypoplasia of depressor anguli oris muscle: a study of 50 patients.

Author information

Department of Paediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.


Aside from congenital heart disease, anomalies associated with unilateral hypoplasia of the depressor anguli oris muscle have not been well-documented in large series. We evaluated the associated anomalies in 50 infants or children with this disorder (male:female = 2:1) and found accompanying anomalies in 35 (70%) of 50 cases. They included anomalies of the head and neck (48%), heart (44%), skeleton (22%), genitourinary tract (24%), central nervous system (10%), gastrointestinal tract (6%), and miscellaneous minor anomalies (8%). Nearly half of our cases (22/50) had at least 2 associated systemic anomalies. Failure to thrive and psychomotor retardation were found in 5 (10%) and 3 (6%) patients, respectively, on follow-up. Three infants died neonatally of severe heart disorders, and the other one died of central nervous system anomalies. The above findings indicate that a thorough search for associated anomalies, particularly in the cardiovascular system, should be performed in all newborns with asymmetric crying face.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center