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Genetics. 1997 Jul;146(3):1115-21.

Quantitative trait loci differentiating the outbreeding Mimulus guttatus from the inbreeding M. platycalyx.

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Department of Botany, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Theoretical predictions about the evolution of selfing depend on the genetic architecture of loci controlling selfing (monogenic vs. polygenic determination, large vs. small effect of alleles, dominance vs. recessiveness), and studies of such architecture are lacking. We inferred the genetic basis of mating system differences between the outbreeding Mimulus guttatus and the inbreeding M. platycalyx by quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping using random amplified polymorphic DNA and isozyme markers. One to three QTL were detected for each of five mating system characters, and each QTL explained 7.6-28.6% of the phenotypic variance. Taken together, QTL accounted for up to 38% of the variation in mating system characters, and a large proportion of variation was unaccounted for. Inferred QTL often affected more than one trait, contributing to the genetic correlation between those traits. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that quantitative variation in plant mating system characters is primarily controlled by loci with small effect.

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