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J Clin Oncol. 1997 Jul;15(7):2667-72.

Treatment of T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia with human CD52 antibody.

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1
Academic Department of Hematology and Cytogenetics, Royal Marsden Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

T-prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) is an aggressive malignancy of mature T cells refractory to conventional chemotherapy, with a median survival duration of 7.5 months. We report here promising results with the use of a genetically reshaped human CD52 antibody, CAMPATH-1H.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Fifteen patients with T-PLL, most of whom had received the purine analog deoxycoformycin (DCF), were treated with CAMPATH-1H. Results were compared with those of 25 patients treated with DCF.

RESULTS:

Major responses occurred in 11 patients (73%) treated with CAMPATH-1H compared with 40% with DCF. Complete remissions (CRs) were documented in nine (60%) of the CAMPATH-1H cases and only three (12%) were obtained with DCF. CRs with CAMPATH-1H were durable, and re-treatment with the antibody resulted in second CRs in three relapsed patients. Two of them were successfully autografted with peripheral-blood and bone marrow stem cells collected during the first CR. Apart from first-dose reactions, infusions of CAMPATH-1H were well tolerated. However, two responding patients developed severe bone marrow aplasia that was fatal in one; the second remained moderately pancytopenic 21 weeks after stopping CAMPATH-1H therapy. The cause of this adverse effect is unknown.

CONCLUSION:

CAMPATH-1H is an effective agent in T-PLL and represents a significant improvement over other types of therapy. However, CAMPATH-1H alone is not sufficient for long-term remissions, and the role of autologous stem-cell transplantation needs further investigation.

PMID:
9215839
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.1997.15.7.2667
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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