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Protein Eng. 1997 May;10(5):479-86.

Spectroscopic properties of an engineered maltose binding protein.

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Department of Biochemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK.


The maltose binding protein (MBP) has been site specifically labelled with a nitrobenzoxadiazole (NBD) group following mutation of a serine to a cysteine residue at position 337. The resulting protein shows a large ligand (maltose or beta-cyclodextrin) dependent increase in its steady-state fluorescence intensity. Analysis of the static (intensity and anisotropy) and dynamic (lifetime distributions) fluorescence of the NBD label as well as the tryptophan residues in both ligand-bound and ligand-free states of this molecule reveals complex multi-component decays that are interpreted in terms of a ligand-induced solvent shielding mechanism. In the context of the known crystal structures of the various forms of the maltose-binding protein (MBP), ligand-dependent changes in both the fluorescence parameters as well as the circular dichroism spectra of the NBD group are interpreted by a twisted intramolecular charge-transfer (TICT) mechanism, wherein ligand binding locks the NBD group into a conformation that prevents efficient relaxation of the excited state.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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