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Free Radic Biol Med. 1997;23(3):401-11.

Hypochlorous acid disrupts the adhesive properties of subendothelial matrix.

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Pathology Department, Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand.


We have investigated whether the cell adhesion-promoting properties of the subendothelial matrix are affected by exposure to neutrophil-derived oxidants. Native subendothelial matrix was exposed to increasing doses of H2O2 in the presence of myeloperoxidase and Cl- or to reagent hypochlorous acid (HOCl). Increasing doses of either oxidant system resulted in progressive loss in the adhesive properties of the matrix, and phase contrast microscopy showed that the cells failed to attach to and spread on the oxidant-treated surface. When cells were replated on the treated matrix in the presence of 20% serum, they did attach, but showed abnormal spreading and morphology in longer-term culture. In a modified ELISA system, binding of antibodies specific to fibronectin, thrombospondin and laminin was also disrupted by prior exposure of the matrix to HOCl. Of these components, the cell-binding region of fibronectin was most affected by HOCl, thrombospondin and laminin were less sensitive, and the collagen-binding region of fibronectin was the most resistant. SDS-PAGE of 35S-labelled subendothelial matrix proteins indicated that there was no major irreversible crosslink formation or fragmentation after exposure to HOCl or the myeloperoxidase system, although formation of disulfides is quite likely.

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