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Curr Opin Lipidol. 1997 Jun;8(3):167-73.

Molecular aspects of intracellular sterol esterification: the acyl coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase reaction.

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Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA.


The conversion of cholesterol to an esterified storage form by the enzyme acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase, is a critical component of sterol and membrane homeostasis and represents a significant step in atherogenesis. The isolation in 1993 of the first molecular probe of acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase provided a key to understanding this reaction and its regulation. The sequence is apparently ubiquitous in eukaryotes, often with multiple sequence homologs within an organism. Presented here is a review of the known molecular events that lead to intracellular sterol esterification.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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