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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1997 Jul 1;343(1):101-8.

Alternative splicing of CYP2D mRNA in human breast tissue.

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Department of Environmental Health and Toxicology, University at Albany, State University of New York 12201, USA.


The human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D subfamily comprises the CYP2D6 gene and four pseudogenes, CYP2D7P1 and 2 and CYP2D8P1 and 2. The CYP2D6 gene product is a prominent drug-metabolizing enzyme, which is probably constitutive and has no known inducing agents. Alternative splicing of the pre-mRNAs of these genes has been detected in human liver and breast tissue. RNA-PCR, competitive RNA-PCR, Southern blotting, cDNA sequencing, and gene-specific PCR have been used to fully characterize the alternatively spliced forms of CYP2D mRNA in human breast tissue in the region of exon 5 to 8. Such alternative splicing could regulate the expression of CYP2D6 protein. A full-length mRNA (exons 5 to 8), and variants c (exon 6 deleted), b' (3' portion of exon 6 deleted), e (3' portion of exon 6 deleted, 3' 57-bp portion of intron 6 included), d (3' 57-bp portion of intron 6 included), and b (intron 6 included) were characterized and quantitated. Variant c was derived from CYP2D6, variants d, e, and b were from CYP2D7P, and variant b' and full-length mRNA were derived from both CYP2D6 and 2D7P. Full-length mRNA was a minor form in human breast tissue where variants b' and c predominated. Human breast tumor MCF-7 cells had CYP2D mRNA splice variant patterns similar to those of human breast tissue, while human liver tumor HepG2 cells had wild-type mRNA predominating. These results suggest that CYP2D6 could be regulated tissue specifically using tissue-specific alternative mRNA splicing.

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