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Int J Cardiol. 1997 Jun 27;60(1):7-13.

Troponin T, creatine kinase MB mass, and creatine kinase MB isoform ratio in the detection of myocardial damage during non-surgical coronary revascularization.

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Divisione e Cattedra di Cardiologia, University of Padova, Italy.


The presence of myocardial injury during non-surgical coronary revascularization has been evaluated by means of highly specific and sensitive biochemical markers. Troponin T, creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme mass concentration, and creatine kinase MB2/MB1 isoform ratio have been determined in 80 patients who underwent coronary revascularization with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Forty-five patients underwent balloon angioplasty, 15 rotational atherectomy, 10 directional atherectomy, and 10 elective coronary stenting. Serum concentration of the evaluated markers did not increase significantly after 57 uncomplicated revascularization procedures, including 15 rotablation procedures, nor after 8 PTCAs complicated by localized coronary type B and C dissections. Significant elevation of all markers above the upper limits of the reference interval (P < 0.05) was detected after occlusion of small side branches (< 0.5 mm diameter) in 5 patients. Creatine kinase MB2/MB1 isoform ratio was the earliest marker to increase. After recanalization of occluded vessels in 8/10 patients with 6-60 days old myocardial infarction only troponin T concentrations increased from a baseline of 0.28 microgram/l to a median peak of 0.80 microgram/l. This increase was statistically not significant (P = 0.12). In conclusion, myocardial damage was not detected following uncomplicated non-surgical revascularization obtained with different techniques. Markers of myocardial injury provide high sensitivity after small side branch occlusion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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