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Eur J Immunol. 1997 Jun;27(6):1427-32.

HTLV-I-infected T cells activate autologous CD4+ T cells susceptible to HTLV-I infection in a costimulatory molecule-dependent fashion.

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Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Japan.


A vigorous production of human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-infected CD4+ T cells is closely associated with the development of adult T cell leukemia (ATL) and neurological disease. However, the immunological mechanisms leading to generation of the HTLV-I-infected cells are not fully clarified. The modulation of CD80 and CD86 expression on the HTLV-I-infected cells and its physiological role in the interaction of infected CD4+ T cells with uninfected CD4+ T cells was examined. The HTLV-I-infected CD4+ T cell lines established from ATL patients and normal donors by infecting their CD4+ T cells with the virus expressed CD80, CD86, and HLA-DR, and induced a proliferation of autologous and allogenic CD4+ T cells. While the CD4+ T cells stimulated with the autologous HTLV-I-infected cells for 7 days expressed CD80 and CD86 but not HTLV-I gene products, they expressed HTLV-I gag antigen after 4 weeks. The interaction of HTLV-I-infected and -uninfected CD4+ T cells was profoundly suppressed by a combination of CD80 and CD86 monoclonal antibodies. These results suggest that the induction of CD80 and CD86 on HTLV-I-infected CD4+ T cells participates actively in the generation of the virus-infected progenitor cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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