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Leukemia. 1997 Apr;11 Suppl 3:50-1.

Phylogenetic relationships of HTLV-I/STLV-I in the world.

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Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, Japan.


In an effort to delineate the origin and evolution of HTLV-I/STLV-I, we have been conducting phylogenetic analyses on LTR sequences of this virus group. HTLV-I isolates newly analyzed in the present study were from Iran, South Africa, Cameroon, Sakhalin and Brazil where little is known concerning the genetic features of HTLV-I. In addition, STLV-I isolates were obtained from non-human primates in Africa and Asia including an isolate from orangutans in Indonesia. Proviral LTR sequences were amplified by nested PCR, and then sequenced. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by the neighbor joining method. The results obtained are: 1) African STLV-I isolates formed one large cluster together with the Central African group of HTLV-I in the tree; 2) Asian STLV-I isolates including that of an orangutan in Indonesia were highly divergent from African STLV-I and the Cosmopolitan group of HTLV-I, but not so closely related to each other and to the Melanesian group of HTLV-I; 3) An HTLV-I isolate of Cameroon Pygmy was related to African STLV-I isolates, but distinct from the Central African group of HTLV-I; 4) The majority of HTLV-I isolates belonged to subgroup A which is the most widespread subgroup of the Cosmopolitan group of HTLV-I, while some Brazilian isolates from descendants of Japanese immigrants belonged to subgroup B which mainly consists of HTLV-I isolates from Japan. 5) In the phylogenetic tree, several HTLV-I isolates of subgroup A from the same areas appear to form monophyletic clusters such as a subcluster of Brazilian and Colombian isolates and that of Iranian isolates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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