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Eur J Biochem. 1997 Jun 1;246(2):461-70.

The role of the 90-kDa heat-shock protein and its associated cohorts in stabilizing the heme-regulated eIF-2alpha kinase in reticulocyte lysates during heat stress.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078-3035, USA.

Abstract

The heme-regulated eIF-2alpha kinase (HRI) is activated not only in heme-deficient rabbit reticulocyte lysates (RRL), but also in hemin-supplemented RRL treated with heat-shock, N-ethylmaleimide (MalNEt) or heavy metal ions. We have demonstrated previously that heat-shock proteins, Hsp90, Hsp70 and FKBP52, are associated with HRI in RRL; the association of HRI with Hsp90 and FKBP52, but not Hsp70, is enhanced by hemin. To study the role of Hsp90 and its associated cohorts in the regulation of HRI, we examined the interaction of these proteins with HRI in hemin-supplemented RRLs during heat or oxidative stress. The association of HRI with Hsp90, FKBP52 and p23 was maintained in heat-, MalNEt- or Hg2(+)-treated hemin-supplemented RRL. Glycerol gradient centrifugation and gel filtration on Sephacryl S-300 indicated that neither heat shock nor MalNEt-treatment affected the apparent molecular mass of HRI in hemin supplemented RRL. In addition, active HRI was coimmunoprecipitated with 8D3 anti-Hsp90 from both heme-deficient and MalNEt-treated hemin-supplemented RRL. These results demonstrate that activation of HRI in response to heat stress and oxidative stress does not require dissociation of Hsp90 from HRI. Furthermore, HRI activity was inhibited upon addition of hemin to Hsp90-depleted heme-deficient RRL, indicating that inhibition of HRI activity by hemin is not mediated by the reassociation of Hsp90 with HRI. We also examined the dynamics of the interaction of Hsp90 with HRI. Reconstitution of the interaction of Hsp90 with HRI was stimulated by elevated temperature and required both Mg2+ and ATP. Addition of purified Hsp90 to hemin-supplemented RRL which had been treated with MalNEt to inactivate its capacity to chaperone protein renaturation, protected HRI from irreversible denaturation and aggregation upon incubation at 41 degrees C. Our results suggest that Hsp90 interacts with HRI primarily in its capacity as a molecular chaperone, stabilizing HRI from denaturation under conditions of heat stress and oxidative stress.

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