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J Cell Physiol. 1997 Jul;172(1):36-43.

Human umbilical vein endothelial cells express high affinity receptors for factor Xa.

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  • 1Haemobiology Research Department, Sanofi Recherche, Toulouse, France.


The binding of [125I]-factor Xa to human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) monolayers was studied. At 7 degrees C, [125I]-factor Xa bound to a single class of binding sites with a dissociation constant value of 6.6 +/- 0.8 nM and a binding site density of 57,460 +/- 5,200 sites/cell (n = 3). Association and dissociation kinetics were of a pseudo-first order and gave association and dissociation rate constant values of 0.15 x 10(6) M-1 s-1 and 4.0 x 10(-4) s-1, respectively. [125I]-factor Xa binding was inhibited by factor Xa but was not affected by factor X, thrombin or monoclonal antibodies against factor V, antithrombin-III or tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) but was inhibited by an antibody specific for the effector cell protease receptor-1 (EPR-1), a well-known receptor of factor Xa on various cell types. [125I]-factor Xa binding to HUVEC was not affected by various inhibitors of factor Xa such as DX 9065, pentasaccharide-antithrombin-III or TFPI. Factor Xa increased intracellular free calcium levels and phosphoinositide turnover in endothelial cells and, when added to HUVEC in culture, factor Xa was a potent mitogen, stimulating an increase in cell number at a 0.3 to 100 nM concentration. HUVEC-bound factor Xa promoted prothrombin activation in the presence of factor Va only. This effect was inhibited by both indirect and direct inhibitors of factor Xa. These findings indicate that HUVEC express functional high affinity receptors for factor Xa, related to EPR-1, which may be of importance in the regulation of coagulation and homeostasis of the vascular wall.

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