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Exp Parasitol. 1997 Jun;86(2):118-32.

ICAM-1 and iNOS expression increased in the skin of mice after vaccination with gamma-irradiated cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Rockford 61107, USA.


Host responses to migrating schistosomula of Schistosoma mansoni were compared in the skin of naive, multiply infected, or vaccinated (with gamma-irradiated cercariae) mice during the first 72 hr after cercarial penetration. Cellular response to the migrating parasite was minimal in the skin of naive mice for up to 72 hr after infection. In sharp contrast, the multiply infected or vaccinated animals exhibited a marked inflammatory response in the skin as early as 8 hr after cutaneous penetration of the challenge cercariae. This early inflammatory response in the skin of sensitized animals was characterized by a significant increase in the number of infiltrating cells, predominantly mononuclear cells and neutrophils. Increased exudation of serum proteins was also present in the skin of sensitized animals in areas of cercarial challenge. A time course of analyses revealed that mononuclear cell numbers increased significantly in the skin of vaccinated animals as early as 60 min after a challenge infection and continued to be present at a significantly higher level up to 72 hr after challenge. Peak neutrophil responses occurred in the skin at 24 hr (in multiply infected animals) and at 48 hr (in vaccinated animals) after a challenge infection. Along with the massive cellular infiltration there was an increased tissue expression of ICAM-1 and mRNA for iNOS in the skin of sensitized animals. Further analysis showed that in sensitized animals increased ICAM-1 expression was predominantly found on endothelial cells lining dermal capillaries, especially in areas around schistosomular migration and on cells that surrounded schistosomula in the dermis. In naive animals, however, a similar infection did not induce any ICAM-1 expression or iNOS production in the skin. Thus, an ICAM-1 mediated early accumulation of mononuclear cells in the skin and local production of nitric oxide may be important for the initial cutaneous inflammatory immune responses to migrating schistosomula of S. mansoni in vaccinated animals. On the contrary, in naive animals a potential parasite-induced suppression of ICAM-1 may play an important role in reducing cellular reaction in the skin and consequently help the parasite evade immune responses in the skin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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