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Blood. 1997 Jul 1;90(1):226-33.

p100: a novel proliferation-associated nuclear protein specifically restricted to cell cycle phases S, G2, and M.

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Department of Hematopathology and Lymph Node Registry, German Association of Pathologists at the University of Kiel.


By immunization with nuclear lysates of L428 cells, we raised a monoclonal mouse antibody, Ki-S2 (IgG1). In Western blots, this antibody recognizes a nuclear antigen with an apparent molecular mass of 100 kD, termed p100. Protein sequencing of p100 showed that this is a hitherto unknown protein. Immunohistochemical examination of cryostat and paraffin sections of nearly all human tissue types and neoplasms showed that p100 was exclusively expressed in the nuclei of a fraction of proliferating cells. Cell sorting and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis of stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed that p100 was exclusively expressed in proliferating cells from the transition G1/S until the end of cytokinesis. During mitosis, this protein is strictly associated with the spindle pole and with the mitotic spindle, whereas during S and G2, p100 is diffusely distributed throughout the cell nucleus. Immediately after completion of cytokinesis, p100 was rapidly degraded. In L428 cells, p100 is phosphorylated at least during mitosis. It has a turnover time of about 1 hour. Studies on routinely processed paraffin sections of specimens of malignant lymphoma, benign and malignant nevocellular tumors, and breast cancer showed that in all cases less than 40% of the Ki-67-positive growth fraction expressed p100. Thus, p100 might prove to be a more reliable measure of cellular proliferation and one that is more closely correlated to cancer prognosis, beyond its general biologic relevance as a cell cycle protein.

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