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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Jun 27;235(3):680-4.

Fluoroaluminate induces pertussis toxin-sensitive protein phosphorylation: differences in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic and NIH3T3 fibroblastic cells.

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Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland.


Fluoride is an acknowledged bone-forming agent that may act through stimulation of osteoblast proliferation. Fluoride's action on osteoblasts and bone is potentiated by aluminum, which can form a complex with fluoride (fluoroaluminate) and activate heterotrimeric G proteins. Here we examined signaling pathways activated by fluoroaluminate in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic and in NIH3T3 fibroblastic cells. In MC3T3-E1 cells, fluoroaluminate induced a decrease in cAMP levels and an increase in MAP and p70 S6 kinase phosphorylations. These responses were partially or completely prevented by pertussis toxin, an inhibitor of G alpha i proteins. In NIH3T3 cells, fluoroaluminate induced weaker tyrosine and MAP kinase phosphorylations. Fluoroaluminate, but not PDGF, induced a long-lasting tyrosine phosphorylation of a 130 kDa protein only in MC3T3-E1 cells. The expression of G alpha i2, but not of G alpha s and G alpha q/11 proteins was about 10-fold higher in MC3T3-E1 cells. Thus, different signaling in osteoblastic and fibroblastic cells may be due to differential expression of G alpha i proteins and tyrosine kinase substrates and could underlie fluoride's pharmacological action in bone.

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