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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Jun 27;235(3):520-3.

Induction of heparin binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor and amphiregulin mRNAs by gastrin in the rat stomach.

Author information

1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan. Shusaku_Tsutsui@msn.com

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate whether heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor and its related peptides are expressed in response to gastrin in rat stomach. Rat gastrin-17I (2.5 nmol/kg/hour) or gastrin-17I plus gastrin receptor antagonist, L-740,093 (2.0 mg/kg/hour), was injected intravenously into male Sprague-Dawley rats. RNA was extracted from oxyntic mucosa, and heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor and related peptide gene expression was estimated using a ribonuclease protection assay. The level of transforming growth factor-alpha mRNA did not change at any time point during the experiment. In contrast, the levels of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor and amphiregulin mRNA were significantly increased within 3 hours following gastrin infusion and reached maximum levels 6 and 12 hours later, respectively. Continuous infusion of gastrin significantly increased oxyntic mucosal proliferation. Gastrin receptor antagonist significantly inhibited gastrin-induced heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor and amphiregulin gene expression and gastrin-induced oxyntic mucosal proliferation. These findings indicate that heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor and amphiregulin genes are induced by gastrin and that they play a role in the trophic action of gastrin on oxyntic mucosa.

PMID:
9207188
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.1997.6824
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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