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Int Endod J. 1996 Jul;29(4):271-9.

Calcium ion diffusion from calcium hydroxide-containing materials in endodontically-treated teeth: an in vitro study.

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University of Glasgow Dental School, UK.


The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the amount and duration of diffusion of calcium ions from both a calcium hydroxide-containing root canal sealer and an intracanal medicament, through the apical foramen and the dentinal tubules of endodontically-treated teeth. The root canals of 88 freshly extracted single-rooted teeth were prepared using the modified double flared, balanced force technique with patency filing. The teeth were divided into four test groups of 20 teeth each and a control group of eight teeth. One group was dressed with a non-setting calcium hydroxide while the other was obturated using cold lateral condensation of gutta-percha with a calcium hydroxide-containing sealer. An artificial root defect was created in the apical third of the root of the teeth in the other two groups and the root canals were either dressed or obturated in the same way as the first two groups. All groups were incubated at 37 degrees C and were sampled for calcium diffusion after 1, 2 and 3 days and 1, 2, 3, 4 and 8 weeks. There was statistically significantly more calcium diffusion with the non-setting groups compared with the sealer groups (P < 0.05). There was more calcium ion diffusion from teeth with a patent apical foramen than those with an artificial resorptive root defect (P < 0.05).

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