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Am J Anat. 1977 Oct;150(2):237-45.

A study by scanning electron microscopy of the bladder epithelium of the guinea pig.


Under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) the surface cells of the guinea pig bladder have pentagonal or hexagonal outlines. Their borders are clearly defined since they are elevated. They possess a large reserve of surface membrane which is markedly folded and wrinkled when the bladder is empty. The folds disappear and the cells become flat during distension. The luminal surface is characterized by numerous reticular ridges which are a remarkably constant feature and persist even under acute artificial distension. A small proportion of the surface cells are small and have less than five sides. Since they show only sparse microvilli as a surface feature, they have a smooth appearance. These are believed to be young surface cells which have just emerged from the intermediate layer, and have not yet acquired the ridged pattern of mature cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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