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Arch Med Res. 1997 Summer;28(2):285-7.

beta-Lactamase bioassay: a simplified method to determine extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) in enterobacteria.

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Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Centro de Investigaciones Sobre Enfermedades, Infecciosas, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.


With the simultaneous use of an isoelectric focusing gel (IEF) and a nitrocefin/cefotaxime bioassay, it is possible to identify the Extended-Spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) with precision. A mixture of soft agar and susceptible bacterial cells are layered over the gel following overnight incubation and areas of cell growth are detected where the antibiotic has been hydrolyzed by specific enzymes. This innovative method improves sensitivity and specificity for the identification of ESBLs in those enterobacteria strains producing more than one beta-lactamase and are resistant to third generation cephalosporines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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