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Emerg Infect Dis. 1997 Apr-Jun;3(2):95-104.

Hantaviruses: a global disease problem.

Author information

1
United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland 21702-5011, USA. cschmaljohn@detrick.army.mil

Abstract

Hantaviruses are carried by numerous rodent species throughout the world. In 1993, a previously unknown group of hantaviruses emerged in the United States as the cause of an acute respiratory disease now termed hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Before than, hantaviruses were known as the etiologic agents of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, a disease that occurs almost entirely in the Eastern Hemisphere. Since the discovery of the HPS-causing hantaviruses, intense investigation of the ecology and epidemiology of hantaviruses has led to the discovery of many other novel hantaviruses. Their ubiquity and potential for causing severe human illness make these viruses an important public health concern; we reviewed the distribution, ecology, disease potential, and genetic spectrum.

PMID:
9204290
PMCID:
PMC2627612
DOI:
10.3201/eid0302.970202
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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