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J Infect Dis. 1997 Feb;175(2):441-4.

Inactivated poliovirus vaccine protects transgenic poliovirus receptor mice against type 3 poliovirus challenge.

Author information

1
Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

Transgenic (Tg) mice expressing the human poliovirus receptor (PVR) were vaccinated with inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and evaluated for induced immunity against type 3 poliomyelitis. One injection of monovalent type 3 IPV elicited protective immunity against wild-type poliovirus. In contrast, 2 injections of trivalent IPV were required for protection. Neutralizing antibody response and protection were vaccine dose-dependent. Administration of polio-immune mouse plasma protected unimmunized mice, demonstrating that neutralizing antibody was sufficient for immunity. IPV heated to remove its D antigen component did not induce protection in Tg PVR mice. IPV derived from a wild-type poliovirus strain gave better protection against wild-type viral challenge than IPV derived from an attenuated poliovirus strain. The newly developed Tg PVR mouse-protection test may be useful in evaluating existing IPV potency tests and for attempts to improve formulations of trivalent IPV or combined vaccines for childhood immunization schedules.

PMID:
9203668
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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