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Int Urol Nephrol. 1997;29(1):95-106.

Fluvastatin (Lescol) treatment of hyperlipidaemia in patients with renal transplants.

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  • 11st Department of Medicine, University Medical School, Debrecen, Hungary.

Abstract

Hyperlipidaemia of 18 male and 20 female patients following successful renal transplantation was treated with daily 20 mg fluvastatin (Lescol) for 12 weeks. The patients were several months after transplantation, and their total cholesterol levels exceeded 6.5 mmol/l following an 8-week diet. The effect of fluvastatin on the levels of total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglyceride, Apo A1 and Apo B, as well as of lipoprotein(a) was examined. Furthermore, changes of the renal function (GFR-urea, creatinine, uric acid) and hepatic function (bilirubin, GOT, GPT, CPK, ALP) were followed up, together with the body weight and blood pressure. The results of the examinations are summarized as follows: Fluvastatin may be administered effectively and without side effects in a daily dose of 20 mg in appropriately selected renal transplant patients. The average total cholesterol values, which were 7.91 mmol/l in men and 7.78 mmol/l in women following the diet, were reduced by 22-25% (p < 0.001) after 6 and 12 weeks, respectively, of fluvastatin treatment. The levels of LDL also decreased significantly (p < 0.001): in response to a 20 mg evening dosage, reduction of more than 25% was observed in 78% of men and 65% of women. Reductions of the Apo B levels were more pronounced in the females (18.3% men vs. 21.2% women). The ratio C/HDL-C decreased both in men (from 5.49 to 4.19) and in women (from 4.83 to 4.02). The ratio Apo B/Apo A1 also decreased (men: from 0.86 to 0.73, women: from 0.73 to 0.66). The concentrations of HDL and Apo A1 did not increase significantly, the reductions in the levels of triglyceride and lipoprotein(a) were not considerable either. An increase in the levels of hepatic enzymes and CPK was not encountered during the administration of fluvastatin. In two patients the levels of serum bilirubin increased by 2-4 micromol/l. Three patients complained about temporary myalgias of the sacroiliac or lumbar region which, however, were not accompanied by elevated CPK levels. The monitored levels of cyclosporine, urea and creatinine did not increase significantly during the 12 weeks of treatment. Two patients had temporary gastric complaints.

PMID:
9203045
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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