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Endocrinology. 1997 Jul;138(7):2979-88.

Tyrosine residues in the C-terminal domain of the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor mediate mitogenic and tumorigenic signals.

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Diabetes Branch, NIDDK, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1770, USA.


We investigated cellular proliferation, the transforming activity, and activation of known signal transduction pathways in NIH-3T3 cells stably expressing insulin-like growth factor-I receptors (IGF-IRs) with amino acid substitutions in the carboxy(C)-terminal domain. The mutant receptors contained substitutions of both tyrosines 1250 and 1251 with phenylalanine and histidine (amino acids present in the analogous positions in the insulin receptor), as well as phenylalanine 1310 replaced by tyrosine (IsY clones) to resemble the placement of tyrosine residues in the C-terminal domain of the insulin receptor. As a control for the IsY clones, a second mutant receptor was expressed with a substitution of phenylalanine 1310 with tyrosine only (DBY clones). Clones expressing IGF-IRs with the IsY substitutions had a significantly slower rate of growth compared with cells expressing an equivalent number of wild-type IGF-IRs (NWT). In contrast, the DBY clones showed relatively normal growth rates. Cells with wild-type IGF-IR demonstrated a transformed phenotype in soft agar assays. The IsY clones lost the transforming ability of the wild type IGF-IR, whereas DBY clones formed colonies. IGF-I-stimulated autophosphorylation of the IGF-IR and tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 and SHC, known substrates in the IGF-IR signal transduction pathway, were studied. Mutated IGF-IRs (IsY and DBY) did not alter the IGF-I-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of these proteins. Furthermore, the mutated IGF-IRs did not alter Grb2 association with phosphorylated IRS-1 and SHC. IGF-I stimulation of Crk-II phosphorylation, a novel substrate of the IGF-IR, was similar in cells expressing mutated and wild-type IGF-IRs. IGF-I-induced activation of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3'-kinase was equivalent in cells expressing either mutant or wild-type IGF-IRs. These data suggest that the IGF-IR mediates, at least in part, cellular proliferation and increased transforming ability through its C-terminal domain. The exact postreceptor signaling pathway(s) involved have yet to be fully elucidated.

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