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J Psychiatr Res. 1997 Jan-Feb;31(1):83-90.

Sudden vs gradual onset of chronic fatigue syndrome differentiates individuals on cognitive and psychiatric measures.

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1
UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, USA.

Abstract

To examine the influence of mode of illness onset on psychiatric status and neuropsychological performance, 36 patients with CFS were divided into two groups: sudden vs gradual onset of symptoms. These two CFS subgroups were compared to each other and to sedentary healthy controls on standardized neuropsychological tests of attention/concentration, information processing efficiency, memory, and higher cortical functions. In addition, the distribution of comorbid Axis I psychiatric disease between the two CFS groups was examined. The rate of concurrent psychiatric disease was significantly greater in the CFS-gradual group relative to the CFS-sudden group. While both CFS groups showed a significant reduction in information processing ability relative to controls, impairment in memory was more severe in the CFS-sudden group. Because of the significant heterogeneity of the CFS population, the need for subgroup analysis is discussed.

PMID:
9201650
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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